ColourUnderstanding how colours work is an art in itself. We looked at the the colour wheel and how colours fit together. Using colours to produce photos can be further enhance the mood of a photo.
The colour wheel has three primary colours (red, blue and yellow), these colours are mixed to make other colours.
Colours can be split into temperatures. The wheel is divided through the middle from yellow/yellow green to violet/violet red with the warm colours based around the orange and the cool around the blue.
- Warm colors — such as red, yellow, and orange; evoke warmth because they remind us of things like the sun or fire.
- Cool colors — such as blue, green, and purple (violet); evoke a cool feeling because they remind us of things like water or grass.
When warm colours and cool colours are used together they are called contrasting colours.
Another way of using colour is by matching colours which sit opposite each other on the colour wheel these are called complimentary colours.
|f/16, 1/60, ISO 100|
Here is my example of contrasting colours. Taken when the sun was setting in the Manukau Habour. The warm colours are in the sunlight which has yellow orange and red orange. The cool colours are reflected in the blue green of the sky and blue of the water. To frame the shot, i chose branches from a tree. I used lines of the hills, the branches and the reflection of the light on the water to move the eye around the photo and keep the viewers attention.
|f4.5, 1/50, ISO 200|
Here is my example of complimentary colours. They are violet and yellow. I can see that i didn't focus really well in this photo. I can hear Ben Long from Lynda.com saying how the LCD doesn't provide an exact view of your photos. I'm starting to realize how true this is, just over the last couple of days since we have been chasing the early morning and late afternoon light many of the photos which i thought were good have come up on photoshop nothing like i thought they would be. I have learnt a few good lessons about this a) take more shots of the same subject in different angles b) use the tripod more c) slow down!!
|f/16, 1/50, ISO 200 - Photoshop view|
|f/13, 1/30, ISO 1000|
|f/20, 1/20, ISO 3200|
Anyway... i swear to you that when i took these photos they seemed pretty focused, but i do recall that when i was taking this the camera was having trouble focusing on it because of the colour.
Below are some colour examples -
|f/5.6, 0.5, ISO 200|
|f/5.6, 1/6, ISO 200|
|f/5, 0.5, ISO 100|
|f/11, 0.3, ISO 800|
|f/16, 1/60, ISO 100|